Research papers will have a body of seven to ten (7-10) pages. The paper must also have a Works Cited page and a final proper outline. (These pages are NOT considered part of the body page count.) You will find a sample research paper, including a sample Works Cited page, at the Purdue OWL website. The order of pages in the paper is the body of the paper, works cited page, and outline last. All these parts are to be saved and sent to me as one document.
The final Works Cited page will contain seven to eight (7-8) scholarly sources (as well as an additional citation for your novel from the Planet Ebook website). The sources will be derived from appropriate books and scholarly journals to denote a variety of sources used. These sources must specifically discuss your chosen novel, not related subjects in general. NOTE: Cliffs Notes, Masterplots, Monarch, eNotes, Shmoop, Wikipedia, encyclopedias, SparkNotes, and the like are NOT appropriate sources. Citing essays from paper mills and all other similar sources are also NOT appropriate. The author of a source should be a verifiable academic literary critic, not a student or general blogger. If you are not sure about a source, ask me.
Each of the sources shown in the Works Cited must be used (paraphrased or quoted) at least once in the research paper and have an in-text citation (parenthetical reference). You must use the novel resource provided in this course for your Works Cited page, and the page numbers in in-text citations for your novel should correspond to the course resource for the novel.
All borrowed information must be noted with an in-text citation, whether quoted or not.
In writing any paper in which cited sources are required, your paper should follow the 80/20 rule. Approximately 80 percent of what you write should be your own original words, no paraphrasing, no cutting and pasting, just your own actual thoughts. Then, 20 percent should be paraphrased words from the sources you selected to support your thoughts. Don’t use exact quotes. Paraphrase the information from sources for this 20 percent, and be sure to cite with in-text citations every bit of the 20 percent. If you must use the exact quote, use only the absolutely essential words from the quote to capture the meaning.
No title page for your paper. Use the same format as instructed for your short story and drama essays.
You are to follow the current 8th edition MLA format and documentation as described at the Purdue OWL site and use the helpful information at the MLA website. The Purdue Owl website will have the most extensive information on MLA citation formats in a categorized manner; however, several universities also provide MLA 8th ed. citation information online.
Be sure the topic is sufficiently limited.
All words should be spelled correctly and errors in sentence structure eliminated.
The level of diction should be academic: no slang, jargon, colloquialisms, idioms, or technical terms (without a brief definition). For literary terms, assume the instructor knows the definition and a definition is unnecessary.
Do not use first person I, we, me, or us (my or our) or second person you (your) in discussing the work. Thus, there will be no I think, I feel, I believe, or any other Icombinations; just make the statement. Use the reader or readers for statements such as this example: Thus, the reader recognizes that Montag has become conflicted about the so-called dangers of books.
Do not use subject-verb contractions, such as he’d, she’s, they’re, and so on.
The paper should be well written and scholarly.

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