Category Archives: Environmental Sciences

Instructions Step 1 Select two threats. Listed below are eight issues that the U

Step 1
Select two threats. Listed below are eight issues that the UN feels pose the most significant threats to global security. Some of these apply to the Earth’s 7.7 billion people, while others are limited primarily to developing countries. Regardless of where these threats are concentrated, your job as a consultant is to identify two of them that you consider the most critical to the globe’s population.
Issue Options
The use of fossil fuels as an energy source.
Insufficient educational opportunities in developing countries.
A lack of access to technology.
Civil war (NOT the U.S. Civil War).
The rise in oceans’ levels.
Covid-19 and the global pandemic.
The dangers of poor countries remaining poor.
Step 2
Write a minimum of an 8 page persuasive paper about your two threats.
Write an introduction paragraph of at least one-half page in length identifying the two threats you have selected and the purpose of the paper. Then, for the two threats you chose:
Identify the factors that make it such a serious risk to the global environment that you would choose to present it to the UN.
Analyze the role that humans have played in aggravating this threat to the Earth’s environment.
Suggest initiatives that the global community can take to mitigate the worst effects of this environmental threat.
Write a conclusion paragraph of at least one-half page in length that summarizes your impressions of these risks for global stability.
This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). For assistance and information, please refer to the SWS link in the left-hand menu of your course and check with your professor for any additional instructions.
In order to earn full credit, the answers to each of the three questions must be at least two full pages long, making six pages. You must also include the one-half page introduction and one-half page conclusion at the beginning and end of the paper, adding up to one page of content. Finally, you must include a graph or table (see 5, below) that will be at least one page in length. The entire paper will be a minimum of eight pages long.
You must use at least seven credible sources (excluding Wikipedia, dictionaries and encyclopedias) that are appropriate for the subjects under discussion.
You must use only double-spacing and not place extra spacing between paragraphs or section headings.
As part of your answer to any one of the questions, you must include a graph, table or chart using quantifiable data that supports your argument. You need only one graph for the entire assignment, and although you may download this item from the Internet, it may be no longer th

I need help with my reachers paper. The topic that I choose is “Loss of Biodiver

I need help with my reachers paper. The topic that I choose is “Loss of Biodiversity & Endangered Species”
Your research paper post should include but is not limited to:
Background/history on the topic.
Why your topic is an environmental issue.
Explain the science needed to understand the topic.
What solutions to the issue are out there?
What challenges will need to be overcome to address this environmental issue?
How your personal understanding of the topic has evolved over the quarter?
I also expect there will be some personal thoughts and opinions in your essay based on the research you did.

Part A. Water Pollution and Water Quality Assessment Review the concepts of wate

Part A. Water Pollution and Water Quality Assessment
Review the concepts of water quality using your course notes in Unit 6, and watch the Nature of Things production Save my Lake
Based on this information and your own independent research, answer the following:
Describe the key differences between oligotrophic and eutrophic waters in terms of their physical, chemical, and biological features (including food web differences). Based on these differences, which of these two conditions is most desirable and sustainable here in Manitoba and why?
Identify five natural and five human generated sources of contaminants that lead to eutrophication of water bodies. Of these, which do you believe is the most challenging to regulate? Why?
Part B. Lake Winnipeg and Watershed Management
If you have not already done so, watch the Nature of Things production Save My Lake
Using the video Save My Lake as your guide, you should note that there are numerous strategies to manage water quality and promote the sustainability of Lake Winnipeg. Based on the video and your independent research, provide answers to the following:
Describe the key features of the Lake Winnipeg watershed that make this lake particularly vulnerable to eutrophication.
Review water chemistry data from 1999 to 2016 for three rivers that discharge into Lake Winnipeg
Outline the general trends in nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations that occurred over the years of the study;
Outline the differences in nitrogen and phosphorus concentration between the three rivers examined in the study;
What factors do you think may have contributed to the variability observed in the data between years of the study?
Based on these results, what recommendations can you make regarding the management goals and priorities for Lake Winnipeg water quality improvements?
Thinking back to the features of the phosphorus and nitrogen cycles, explain how humans have altered the ways these chemicals should naturally move in the environment. What other sources of these nutrients (describe 4) do we need to control as homeowners concerned for their watershed’s water quality and why?

Formatting requirements: • 3 double-spaced pages, excluding bibliography (you ca

Formatting requirements:
• 3 double-spaced pages, excluding bibliography (you cannot exceed the page limit)
• Times New Roman, 12 point, 1 inch margins
Submission requirements:
• Submit any time during the exam period Dec 11-Dec 23, 11:59pm EST on Brightspace
• No extensions will be offered, given the wide timeline available
• Short and to the point: encapsulates the essence of your research (max. 15-18 words)
• Tip: include key terms that one may look for when looking for the kind of research you are proposing
Introduction = 1/3 page (10%)
1. Narrow topic: What specifically do you want to research?
• Tip:
o No more than 1 brief general sentence introducing the topic
o Followed by the narrow topic, which needs to be clear and specific
 E.g. “This research explores …..”
2. Rationale for the specific narrow topic: Why do you want to explore that topic?
• This is where you briefly highlight the “so what” question and your professional interest / passion
• Tip:
o think of geography / environmental studies as your area of knowledge
o no more than 2 sentences
 There may be a quotation or a statistic, properly documented and referenced in-text, which gives specific info about the researcher’s initial curiosity about the topic.
 Rationale as to why the topic was chosen, or why it is important to understand the issue
3. Objectives / Purpose of proposed research: What do you propose to accomplish with this research?
• One main aim, maybe two or three subsidiary aims resulting from the main one
• Tips:
o think who the audiences of your research are and who benefits from it
o be precise & avoid vague objectives, which indicate muddled thinking
o objectives need to underscore the contributions that your proposed research is expected to bring (e.g. fill the knowledge gap on ….; improve service delivery for …; document such and such for such and such purpose; raise awareness of … on …. etc.)
o sometimes it’s helpful to add these objectives after you have done your lit review and put together your research problem
Literature Review = 1 page (30%)
• this section presents research findings related to your narrow topic from a variety of sources, including at least 3 peer-reviewed sources: What research is out there related to what you proposed to do? What were the findings / gaps?
• write to provide both background info to the topic AND to shape where your own proposed research is going
• the info in this section should logically, naturally lead the reader to the research problem and research questions that follow in next section
• Tips:
o You have already browsed sources of info for your Assignment #1. The sources here may or may not be exactly the same, depending on how relevant they were in your Assignment #1
o You are assumed to have learnt to determine which sources will provide the best possible types of info for your proposed research
 sources need to be directly relevant to your narrow topic
 your writing here needs to show how those sources:
 are useful to your narrow topic
 lead towards a particular problem that your research will address
o Do not write the lit review as annotated bibliography
 There should be a flow to how you do your lit review, with connections between sources that make the reader understand:
 what research is already there related to what you want to do
 what the issues related to your narrow topic are
 what the gaps are
Research Problematic = 1 paragraph (25%)

1. Research Problem = 2-3 concise sentences
• What is the problem related to your narrow topic that you have identified in your lit review and you propose to address in your research?
• Tip:
o Think of the gaps in the literature, such as:
 a particular analytical angle missing (e.g. from the perspective of a specific demographic or professional group, or a comparative perspective)
 a particular location (e.g. a certain city, a certain neighbourhood)
 a particular correlation etc.
o Be as specific as you can be
o Think how researchable that research problem is
 set the boundaries of your proposed research, in order to provide a clear focus. Where appropriate, state not only what you will research, but also what will be excluded from your research
o Provide clear definitions of 1-2 key concepts and terms you will be using

2. Research Questions = 2-3 short sentences
• 1 main research question + max. 2 subsidiary/secondary research questions, which point to the specific directions of investigation in order to address the research problem
• A research question is like a thesis statement, but in a question form
• Research questions provide the reader with:
o a clear direction of where you want your research to go
o what it is that you are trying to find out
• Tips:
o Make sure your research questions relate directly to your research problem and that they are doable
o Write clear and concise questions
o Qualitative research is concerned with in-depth study ― so, appropriate research questions rather start with “How…” or “Why….” instead of “What…”
o Do not include assumptions or answers in the way you word your research questions, keep them open (i.e. you want your research to find answers to those questions)
Methodology = 1 page (30%)
1. Positionality = 2-3 clear sentences
• How do you position yourself as a researcher vis-à-vis the focus of your proposed research?
o How do your identity markers (e.g. type of knowledge you hold, gender, class, geographic location, ethnicity, racialized identity etc.) influence your perspective in relation to your research?
o How do you expect that position to play out in your fieldwork (e.g. how you engage with communities) and interpretation of data?
• Tip:
o Think of the power (or lack thereof) that comes with certain identity markers and types of knowledge
2. Investigation methods = 1-2 paragraphs
• This part outlines:
o what research methods or instruments you will use to conduct the fieldwork, and why (e.g. semi-structured interview, focus group, participant observation, storytelling etc.)
o the sample population and recruitment methods, and why
• It also gives a brief idea about:
o the location of your research
o content areas targeted by your investigation methods and how they relate to your research questions
• Tips:
o Research methods need to be appropriate for the population segments you engage with
3. Ethical & responsible research considerations = 1 paragraph
• This is where you briefly reflect on:
o How you plan on getting informed consent and keeping the anonymity of your participants
o What will happen to the data collected (i.e. storing it, who owns it, who has access to it)
o Potential ethical dilemmas
o Responsible research (e.g. how the research will be used, who will benefit from it etc.)
References (5%)
• Make sure you use proper bibliographic format (any style, as long as you keep it consistent)
• At least 3 peer-reviewed sources listed
• Tip:
o Cite only sources that you have actually used in your paper (i.e. that you referenced in-text)

Chernobyl What gasses/toxins did it release? Where and how? (use scientific word

What gasses/toxins did it release? Where and how? (use scientific words and symbols or these gases/toxins.
How has it impacted the environment?
What effects did it have in the past when it happened and today?
What are the long term effects
What did they do to reduce the effects
What steps are the government or environmentalists are taking to help reduce or avoid these events from happening again
2000 words
20 scientific sources
APA (Griffin, 2000) or numbered style [1]

essay assignment is a persuasive/argumentative essay that demonstrates research

essay assignment is a persuasive/argumentative essay that demonstrates research into both an environmental topic and the mother of the environmental movement. In this 1000-word, APA-formatted essay, you will analyze and synthesize various sources into a single essay that argues a thesis. One of these sources must be Rachel Carson’s 1962 book Silent Spring.
you to integrate multiple sources into a coherent, well-written essay. Refer to (use the Enviro tab or search for topics) or Google to find articles that can  support a thesis that Carson’s message is or is not relevant today. Remember to cite your sources using APA format this time around.Specifically, you may consider answering the following research question with your thesis: Is Rachel Carson’s 1962 book still relevant today to your specific environmental topic? Why or why not? A concise answer would be a thesis